John Neagle (1796-1865)

John Neagle (1796-1865) began his artistic career as an apprentice coach painter.  In his teens and early 20s, he worked as an itinerant artist in Kentucky and Louisiana.  Returning to Philadelphia in 1820, he sought training from Bass Otis (1784-1861), Gilbert Stuart (1755-1858) and Thomas Sully (1783-1872). In 1826, Neagle married Mary Chester Sully (1802-bef 1850), who was simultaneously Sully’s niece and step-daughter. (In 1804, Thomas Sully had married his brother Lawrence’s widow and adopted their two-year-old, Mary.) John and Mary had seven daughters and a son before Mary died in 1850 at the age of 42.

Until Neagle’s death in 1865, the father-in-law and son-in-law dominated the Philadelphia portrait industry. Neagle had a scientific bent and was known for painting men.  Sully had a theatrical background and was known for painting women.  The division is, of course, too simplified.  Neagle could portray women beautifully as can be seen in this zoomable image of Mrs. Huizinger Messehert, 1822.  Neagle’s representation of Pat Lyon at the Forge1826-1827, was so skillful and moving that it remains his iconic work, unfortunately at the expense of some of his other fine pieces.  In his time, Neagle was also famous for his full-length symbolic portrait of Henry Clay, 1843.  My favorite, however, is Neagle’s depiction of marine painter Thomas Birch (1779-1851) literally breaking the boundaries of the frame in Studious Artist.  That painting, reinforced by Pat Lyon at the Forge, suggests to me that John Neagle himself could have burst forth with creative genius if he had been born at a later time or unconfined by conventional Philadelphia.  Luckily  I am investigating what may be a previously “lost” portrait by Neagle and can immerse myself in his portrait artistry.

About Patricia Moss

Patricia Moss is an art historian, or art detective if you will, who solves mysteries of 19th century American portraits. She located nearly 70 of Bingham’s lost portraits, a feat acknowledged by the Smithsonian’s Research and Scholar’s Center. From expertise with portraits of George Caleb Bingham (1811-1879), she developed skills that evolved into a comprehensive system based on the scientific method that conforms to the legal and ethical standards of art authentication. Moss served as a guest curator for the Bingham Bicentennial Exhibit, “Steamboats to Steam Engines: George Caleb Bingham’s Missouri: 1819-1879,” (March 10-September 8, 2011) at the Truman Presidential Museum and curated the opening exhibition, “George Caleb Bingham: Witness to History,” (September 2013 –), Jackson County Art Museum, Independence, Missouri. She is also the principal researcher for Fine Art Investigations.
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